About 23% of children aged 5 to 15 years in Ghana are involved in child labor and 12% are engaged in dangerous forms of labor. This is twice as common in rural areas, according to the report.
For poorer households, child labor is a coping mechanism and most of the children are involved in agriculture, fishing industries, petty trading on road traffics. The vast majority of working children are unpaid family workers between the ages of 5 and 7 years in most regions. Boys are more likely to be doing manual work, it is due to the household interpretation of what constitutes child labor. Most often, there are heavy domestic workload for girls, including childcare, is not considered as labor.
There are no reliable statistics on the number of children affected by the worst forms of child labor including sale of children, child prostitution, trafficking, and children living in the streets. Since the accurate number of human trafficking cases don’t exist, it is believed that the large majority of all cases involve children, mainly girls.
Report shows that, there are some factors that contributes to an increase in child labor in the country includes social norms that consider’s it as normal for children to work and promote the view that many adolescent children should be treated as adults, governments failure to enforce laws and policies that prohibits child labor, insufficient allocation of funds for the prevention of and response to child labor, inadequate services to support working children or prevent child labor and family reliance on income generated by children due to extreme poverty.